Love encompasses a range of strong and positive emotional and mental states, from the most sublime virtue or good habit, the deepest interpersonal affection, to the simplest pleasure. [1] [2] An example of this range of meanings is that a mother’s love differs from a spouse’s love, which differs from a love of food. Most commonly, love refers to a feeling of strong emotional attraction and attachment. [3]

Love Peaks

Love is considered both positive and negative, and its virtue represents human kindness, compassion and affection, as “selfless, loyal and benevolent concern for the good of others” and its vice represents the human moral defect, similar to vanity, selfishness, self-love, and selfishness, as they potentially lead people to a type of mania, obsession or codependency. [4] [5] It can also describe compassionate and loving actions towards other human beings, oneself or animals. [6] In its various forms, love acts as an important facilitator of interpersonal relationships and, due to its fundamental psychological importance, is one of the most common themes in the creative arts [7]. Love has been postulated as a function that holds human beings together in the face of threats and facilitates the continuation of the species [8].

Ancient Greek philosophers identified six forms of love: essentially, family love (in Greek, Storge), friendly love or Platonic love (Philia), romantic love (Eros), love for oneself (Philautia), love for guests ( Xenia) and divine love. . (Agape). Modern authors have distinguished multiple varieties of love: unrequited love, empty love, companion love, consummate love, infatuated love, self-love, and kind love. Ren, Yuanfen, Mamihlapinatapai, Cafuné, Kama, Bhakti, Metta, Ishq, Chesed, Amore, Charity, Saudade (and other variants or symbiosis of these states) have been distinguished by numerous cultures as culturally unique words, definitions or expressions of love. regarding the specific “moments” that are currently lacking in the English language. [9] [10] [11]

Scientific research on emotions has increased significantly over the past two decades. The color wheel theory of love defines three primary, three secondary and nine tertiary love styles and describes them in terms of the traditional color wheel. The triangular theory of love suggests that “intimacy, passion and commitment” are central components of love. Love has additional religious or spiritual significance. This diversity of uses and meanings combined with the complexity of the feelings involved makes love unusually difficult to define consistently, compared to other emotional states.
The word “love” can have a variety of related but different meanings in different contexts. Many other languages ​​use several words to express some of the different concepts which in English are called “love”; an example is the plurality of Greek words for “love” which includes agape and eros. [12] Cultural differences in the conceptualization of love therefore doubly prevent the institution of a universal definition. [13]

Although the nature or essence of love is the subject of frequent debate, several aspects of the word can be clarified by determining what love is not (antonyms for “love”). Love as a general expression of a positive feeling (a stronger form of sympathy) is commonly contrasted with hate (or neutral apathy). As a less sexual and emotionally more intimate form of romantic attachment, love is often at odds with lust. As an interpersonal relationship with romantic overtones, love is sometimes at odds with friendship, although the word love is often applied to close friendships or platonic love. (Other possible ambiguities arise from the uses “girlfriend”, “boyfriend”, “good friends only”.) In abstract terms, love generally refers to an experience one person has for another. Love often involves caring for or identifying with a person or thing (see Theory of Vulnerability and Care for Love), including oneself (see Narcissism). In addition to cross-cultural differences in understanding love, ideas about love have also changed a lot over time. Some historians place modern conceptions of romantic love in courteous Europe during or after the Middle Ages, although the ancient love poem attests to the earlier existence of romantic ties. [14]

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